There exist several versions of the roulette's origin. The motherland of roulette may be England or Italy, but the most famous and probable version is France. Roulette's inventor is considered to be the prominent figure in mathematics Blaise Pascal. In 1655 he created the roulette wheel as a byproduct when the famous inventor tried to provide a perpetual motion machine.
During two centuries roulette had slightly changed. In 1842 Louis and Francois Blanc added several numbers to the roulette. Later casinos added 0 number in order to enlarge the house edge. From that time everybody tried to master roulette strategy.
There is an interesting story that two Frenchmen mad a deal with devil willing him to tell secrets of roulette game. The reason of appearance of this story is the fact that 36 numbers at sum make "devil's number" 666.
Popularity of roulette grew and Francois Blank decided to spread this game all over the world and brought it into the first Monte Carlo's casino where roulette became "The Queen of all casinos".
In the 1800's this popular game appeared in the United States. American casinos made another innovation - added double zero -00, which increased the house edge up to 5.26%. This is how American version of Roulette game appeared.
Nowadays there are European Roulette, American Roulette, French Roulette, No Zero Roulette, Mini Roulette, Russian Roulette and some other variations of roulette. There are some differences but the main roulette rules still the same. Nowadays with the huge technical progress and development of the internet it became possible even to play roulette online.
As Roulette is extremely popular casino game, it's natural that further history made famous gamblers. For two centuries there happened unbelievable tremendous winnings which added mystery and thrill to this exciting game. Among famous players there are Joseph Jagger, Charles Wells, Claude Shannon, Edward O. Thorp, Gonzalo Garcia-Pedayo.